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Pvt. Ltd. Company Registration

Pvt. Ltd. Company Registration

A private limited company is a company which is privately held for small businesses. The liability of the members of a Private Limited Company is limited to the amount of shares respectively held by them.Shares of Private Limited Company cannot be publicly traded. It required minimum 2 Directors to register Pvt. Ltd. Co.

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The shareholders are the real owners of the company. The ownership in a Private Limited Company is defined by share capital. Shares are the equal parts of the company’s capital. The ratio of ownership is defined by shares held by the owners in the company.

Such kind of arrangement in shareholding is one of the reasons for investor to be attracted towards company form of businesses. The equity ownership is convenient option for them to pursue ownership in a business. Further, the shares can also be issued at premium to introduce more capital, which eases the investment process.

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Characteristics of Private Limited Company

  • Members– To start a company, a minimum number of 2 members are required and a maximum number of 200 members as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.
  • Limited Liability – The liability of each member or shareholders is limited. It means that if a company faces loss under any circumstances then its shareholders are liable to sell their own assets for payment. The personal, individual assets of the shareholders are not at risk.
  • Perpetual succession – The company keeps on existing in the eyes of law even in the case of death, insolvency, the bankruptcy of any of its members. This leads to the perpetual succession of the company. The life of the company keeps on existing forever.
  • Index of members – A private company has a privilege over the public company as they don’t have to keep an index of its members whereas the public company is required to maintain an index of its members.
  • A number of directors – When it comes to directors a private company needs to have only two directors. With the existence of 2 directors, a private company can come into operations.
  • Paid-up capital – It must have a minimum paid-up capital of Rs 1 lakh or such higher amount which may be prescribed from time to time.
  • Prospectus – Prospectus is a detailed statement of the company affairs that is issued by a company for its public. However, in the case of a private limited company, there is no such need to issue a prospectus because this public is not invited to subscribe for the shares of the company.
  • Minimum subscription – It is the amount received by the company which is 90% of the shares issued within a certain period of time. If the company is not able to receive 90% of the amount then they cannot commence further business. In the case of a private limited company, shares can be allotted to the public without receiving the minimum subscription.
  • Name – It is mandatory for all the private companies to use the word private limited after its name.